Angina in adults

Manevich Igor

Otolaryngologist for adults and children

Manevich Igor

Experience 25 year

Otorhinolaryngologist of the highest category, member of the European Rhinologic Society

Angina is an acute infectious disease, which is also called "acute tonsillitis". It affects the tonsils. Any microorganisms (bacteria, viruses and fungi) can provoke its occurrence.

Symptoms and signs of sore throat

The symptoms of sore throat are familiar to everyone. A characteristic feature is that the feeling of illness comes completely suddenly. Angina shows severe sore throat. A sharp rise in temperature is another important symptom. It is important to understand that angina does not occur without temperature. Often, the indicator on the thermometer does not fall below 37 degrees until the inflammation from the tonsils is removed.

Often, with an increase in temperature, chills of the body are also observed. When examining the throat with angina, redness is visible in the tonsils. Pain may vary in severity. It all depends on the type of angina. To accurately diagnose a type of disease, you should consult a doctor.

Treatment for angina should be prescribed immediately.

Causes of occurrence and development

The causes of sore throat can be very different. The most popular are:

  • the ingress of bacteria, viruses and fungi into the human body;
  • "Activation" of our own microorganisms, which constantly live in our body, but under the influence of unfavorable circumstances "wake up", which causes sore throat.

Having identified the first signs of sore throat, you should definitely go to the doctor for an examination.

Ways of infection

You can become infected with a viral sore throat through contact with a sick person. Moreover, he may have a completely different infectious or viral disease (including acute respiratory infections and ARVI). Microorganisms, once in the human body, provoke the formation and development of various forms of the disease. It can be as simple viral tonsillitis, and follicular tonsillitis, and purulent tonsillitis.

The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets. Therefore, if you were wondering if angina is contagious, then now you know the answer to this question. Treatment of angina is mandatory, because ignoring the recommendations can cause complications and pathologies.

Risk factors

Angina is found in an adult and a child. Children are in a special risk group. This is due to the fact that they often get sick. And since the tonsils in a child are just forming, they are most susceptible to the manifestation of this disease. The body's defense reaction is not yet fully complete. But if the child is already infected, then he should be provided with effective treatment for sore throat.

Complications

Regardless of how many days sore throat lasts and what type it has, timely treatment can alleviate the manifestation of symptoms and speed up the recovery process. This is one of those diseases that can have some pretty serious complications. This can manifest itself in the development of sinusitis, laryngeal edema, acute laryngitis, phlegmon of the neck. It is extremely dangerous to ignore the treatment of angina in children, as their development and growth may stop.

When to see a doctor

If you do not know how to treat a sore throat, then the best solution would be to contact a specialist. Doctors of JSC "Medicine" (Academician Roytberg's clinic), which is located in the center of Moscow (2nd Tverskoy-Yamskaya per 10, Mayakovskaya metro station), will be able to diagnose and prescribe an antibiotic for angina for an adult. It is not worth taking antibiotics for angina on your own (without a doctor's prescription), as this can also lead to complications. 

When should you contact? At the first onset of symptoms:

  • increased body temperature (over 38 degrees);
  • sore throat;
  • general weakness;
  • joint aches or chills (not always);
  • enlarged lymph nodes (not always).

Preparing to see a doctor

Regardless of whether angina is detected in an adult or a child, it is important to follow a number of rules before visiting a doctor. It is recommended to wear a special bandage so as not to provoke the spread of infection. You don't need to take any off-label drugs. The thing is that purulent tonsillitis is not treated like a viral one. And antibiotics for angina are prescribed to a specific group. Allergic reactions to them are also taken into account. Therefore, no medication before visiting a specialist.

Diagnosis of angina

The effectiveness of the prescribed course of treatment of angina in adults and children depends on the correct diagnosis. The doctor performs an external examination. But this only allows you to identify the inflammation of the tonsils, which can also serve as a sign of diseases such as: mononucleosis, scarlet fever, diphtheria, leukemia, etc. Therefore, the throat with angina is subjected to thorough pharyngoscopy.

A specialist can prescribe a bacteriological culture, which allows you to remove the causative agent of the disease and prescribe effective drugs for angina that affect the source of the disease itself. But, before prescribing a medicine for sore throat, the doctor asks the patient to take an ASLO (blood test for antibodies to streptococcus). Only after that you can decide how to cure a sore throat. 

JSC "Medicine" (the clinic of Academician Roitberg) in the central district of Moscow at 10 2nd Tverskoy-Yamskaya lane allows for prompt diagnosis. The doctor prescribes the most effective treatment for angina with antibiotics, which contributes to a quick recovery. 

Treatment

Sore throat should be treated correctly. Topical treatment is usually given. The doctor explains to the patient what remedies for sore throat and in what dosage should be taken, as well as how to gargle with sore throat. A course of antibiotics is prescribed. The duration of admission is set by the attending physician. Antibiotic therapy is the only correct solution in the fight against this disease. Gargling with sore throat is carried out every hour.

You should definitely ask your doctor if you can take any other drugs and supplements with angina.

Prevention

The temperature with angina is only a small part of the disease that brings discomfort. A sore throat is the main symptom that prevents you from eating, drinking, sleeping. In order not to get infected with sore throat, a number of rules should be followed:

  • try not to contact sick people or wear a protective mask (especially during the cold season);
  • strengthen the immune system (balanced and proper nutrition, taking vitamins, etc. will help with this);
  • drink antiviral drugs in the fall and winter;
  • try not to overcool. Take special care of your throat.

How to make an appointment with a therapist

At the center of modern medicine in the Central Administrative District on 2nd Tverskoy-Yamskaya per. 10 (Mayakovskaya metro station) employs highly qualified therapists who can correctly diagnose and prescribe the most effective treatment for angina.

You can make an appointment or call a doctor at home by phone: +7 (495) 995-00-33. We are located at: Moscow, 2nd Tverskoy-Yamskaya lane, 10, Mayakovskaya metro station (not far from Belorusskaya, Novoslobodskaya, Tverskaya, Chekhovskaya metro stations)

Call +7 (495) 126-13-12 or leave a request,
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