Novikov Maxim

Physician-therapist, somnologist

Novikov Maxim

Experience 13 year

Doctor of the highest category. Member of the European Respiratory Society and the Russian Respiratory Society


You can treat this disease free of charge and receive medical care in JSC "Medicina" (Academician Roytberg Clinic) under the program of State Guarantees of CHI (Compulsory Health Insurance) and High-Tech Medical Care.

To learn more, please call +7(495) 845-39-61, or visit the page of high-tech medical care by compulsory health insurance.

Hernias are a fairly common condition that manifests as the protrusion of internal organs from the cavities where they should be. But there are certain types of hernias. Both an abdominal hernia and a spinal hernia occur. Their causes and symptoms are similar. Let's look at them in more detail.

Hernia symptoms and signs

It is easy enough to diagnose a hernia. It can also be done at home:

  • Using the palpation method, palpate the areas on your body you are worried about;
  • If you feel a slight bulge or swelling, you probably have a hernia. To make sure, try coughing without removing your hands. If your finger feels a sharp jolt from the internal organs, then it is time to see a doctor, because a herniated abdomen or herniated spine requires immediate treatment.

But it should be understood that the symptoms of this disease depend largely on its variety. For example, a femoral or an inguinal hernia is accompanied by pain in the inguinal fold. But with an umbilical hernia there is not only pain but also nausea.

It is important to remember that the main sign of this disease is pain, discomfort and small local swellings.

Causes of occurrence and development

It all depends on the location of the disease. Abdominal hernia is more common in people who have weakened abdominal walls. Often occurs with regular or frequent weight lifting, after childbirth and frequent exertional coughing. Abdominal hernia can also occur because of certain defects in the abdominal wall resulting from trauma or surgery.

The following factors can lead to a spinal hernia:

  • increased spinal strain, including overweight;
  • changes in the bones and joints of the spine;
  • spinal injuries.

A spinal hernia is more dangerous. Because while an umbilical hernia can be treated in one visit to a doctor, this is not the case with a spinal hernia - a course of therapy is prescribed and a surgical operation is carried out.

Risk factors

A herniated spine or a herniated abdomen are the most common variants of the condition presented. And there are certain groups of people who are at special risk:

  • loaders and people whose jobs involve lifting heavy objects continuously (herniated spine and lumbar spine);
  • overweight people (both herniated abdomen and intervertebral hernia are possible);
  • pregnant women (both spinal and lumbar hernia can occur, as well as a herniated abdomen).

But it should be understood that no one is immune from this disease.


Regardless of the type of hernia, if left untreated, the condition can lead to complications. The most dangerous manifestation of this pathology can be a pinched hernia sac. As a result, blood circulation to localised areas is disrupted, leading to necrosis (death) of the impinged organ. It is therefore important to diagnose and treat hernias in a timely manner. It is important to observe the peculiarities of each type of this disease. It is obligatory to carry out a hernia operation.

When should you see a doctor

If you have the early symptoms of a hernia, you should go to a doctor. Timely treatment of a herniated spine or abdomen in the centre of Moscow will allow you to get rid of this condition once and forever. The clinic of modern medicine, which is located at: 2nd Tverskoy-Yamskoy Lane, 10 ("Mayakovskaya'' metro station), offers high-quality diagnosis of hernias, including lumbar, abdominal, groin and spinal hernias.

A hernia in adults is detected by a general practitioner, after which the doctor refers the patient to one or more narrow specialists. It depends on the location and the nature of the disease. It is important to understand that treatment of a cervical hernia is managed by some specialists and the treatment of an inguinal hernia by others.

A general practitioner may refer patients to a traumatologist, surgeon, orthopaedist or neurologist. For treatment of a herniated spine, you should see a vertebrologist. You can find a competent specialist in the central district of Moscow by contacting our multidisciplinary medical centre at: 2nd Tverskoy-Yamskoy Lane, 10.

Appointment preparation

There are no particular recommendations. But if you are going to see a doctor, remember that you cannot be completely sure whether you have a spinal or lumbar hernia until the exact diagnosis is made. However, you should take some measures: don't lift anything heavy and don't overexert your body.

When your doctor makes an accurate diagnosis and prescribes treatment for a hernia, you should follow all the specialist's recommendations. This is especially important if you are scheduled for a hernia operation.

Hernia diagnostics

A hernia in men and women is diagnosed during an appointment with a doctor. Doctors use different methods:

  • palpation;
  • percussion;
  • auscultation (listening to body sounds).

To get a more complete picture of the type and degree of the disease (spinal hernia, cervical hernia, etc.), an instrumental study is performed. They are:

  • Ultrasounds;
  • X-rays;
  • CTs (computed tomographies).

Competent treatment of lumbar hernia and other hernias is performed by our clinic specialists at the address: 2nd Tverskoy-Yamskoy Lane, 10 ("Mayakovskaya" metro station).


If you are diagnosed with a herniated disc, lumbar hernia or cervical hernia, there is only one treatment option - hernia surgery. It is called a hernioplasty. After it, therapeutic treatment is prescribed to ease and speed up the recovery period.

Home remedies

If you have all the symptoms of a hernia, you should never self-medicate. This disease can only be cured by an operation. Therefore, you should not expect a full recovery by taking folk remedies.

Myths and dangerous misconceptions about hernia treatment

Some people are absolutely convinced that hernia surgery does not get rid of hernias completely. But this is a myth worth dispelling. The reason is that this operation allows the hernia to be removed and the additional medication that is prescribed after the operation helps to strengthen the walls of the internal organs. You cannot rely on the fact that it will "go away" on its own either. Removing a hernia is the only solution.


As a preventive measure, it is advisable to strengthen the walls of the inner cavity with physical exercises. To do this, you have to pump your abs. But this method is forbidden to those who have already undergone hernia surgery. It is necessary to adhere to simple rules:

  • do not overexert your body;
  • try not to carry heavy things;
  • watch your weight.

You can treat this disease free of charge and receive medical care in JSC "Medicina" (Academician Roytberg Clinic) under the program of State Guarantees of CHI (Compulsory Health Insurance) and High-Tech Medical Care.

To learn more, please call +7(495) 845-39-61, or visit the page of high-tech medical care by compulsory health insurance.

How to make an appointment

If you have decided to make an appointment with a specialist at JSC "Medicina" (Academician Roytberg Clinic) in the Central Administrative District, please call +7 (495) 845-39-61. We are located in the centre of Moscow at the address: 2nd Tverskoy-Yamskoy Lane, 10. The following metro stations are nearby: "Mayakovskaya", "Belorusskaya", "Novoslobodskaya", "Tverskaya" and "Chekhovskaya". You can visit a general practitioner, trauma surgeon, surgeon, orthopaedist, neurologist and many other specialists.

Call +7 (495) 775-73-60 or leave a request,
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