Deprive a person
Experience 7 year
Lichen in humans belongs to a group of skin diseases with fungal and, less often, viral etiology. There are cases of non-infectious origin. It is accompanied by tissue necrosis and the appearance of focal spots, nodules and inflammation.
According to medical statistics, for every 100,000 of the population, about 10-15 people are diagnosed with lichen. The disease causes significant psychological and physical discomfort.
Depending on the type of pathogen, there are seven types of lichen on the human body. Each of them has its own characteristics of manifestation, severity of the course and localization.
Information about shingles: symptoms, types, causes and manifestations
Lichen disease can occur repeatedly in adults and children. In most cases, it is contagious. People with reduced immunity are at risk.
A person's lichen manifests itself in the form of single or multiple focal lesions with fairly clear boundaries. The plaques are predominantly round in shape with a scaly surface that can occur on different parts of the body. The main factors in the development of the disease:
- hypothermia and a transferred viral disease;
- frequent stressful conditions;
- neglect of personal hygiene;
- the impact of poor ecology;
- neurological disorders;
- hormonal disruptions in the body.
Manifestation of symptoms
The category "lichen" includes a group of dermatological pathologies with various etiologies. They can manifest themselves in different ways, depending on the clinical form. Lichen on the body can have the following symptoms:
- A rash that looks like red or pink spots (may be swollen)
- a yellow-brown rash;
- painful sensations in the area of spots;
- the formation of bubbles or scales on the spots;
- itching and burning sensation;
- increased body temperature (not always);
- bald patches in the scalp;
- general poor health.
Seven types of disease
In the medical classification, lichen on the skin can have seven varieties. During an examination, a doctor may be diagnosed with one of the following types of lichen:
- shingles with a herpetic nature of origin;
- ringworm (the second name is "Trichophytosis");
- pink (Gibert's disease);
- pityrious or multicolored (non-contagious);
- red flat (non-infectious);
- white (sunny);
- scaly (psoriasis).
Description of lichen species
All varieties of lichen require treatment. Initially, a competent diagnosis is required to select an adequate therapy. Herpes zoster on the body is of viral-herpetic origin. Localization - the intercostal region, along the nerves. Possible manifestation in other places with the main nerve trunks. Most often it occurs on one side of the body in the form of a blistering rash with the formation of a crust later. The incubation period for lichen is 14 days on average, but the range can be from 11 to 21 days. If the form of the disease is ocular, without timely treatment, you can lose your vision.
Deprive a child is most often diagnosed with ringworm. Trichophytosis and microsporia can affect the skin of the face, head, shoulders, and neck. The origin is the fungi Microsporum and Trichophyton. Deprive on the head of a child in most cases develops precisely the shearing type. Ways of infection are: contact-household, in contact with a sick person or animals.
Lichen on the head appears in the form of pink spots with a gradual rejection of hair in their growth zone, which leads to the formation of bald patches. Over time, itching may begin, and until active manifestation is asymptomatic.
Pityriasis Rosea (erythematous-squamous dermatosis, pityriasis or disease Gibert) has a viral nature. The herpes virus type 6 or 7 provokes the development of the disease. It occurs most often in the autumn-spring period. It is characteristic that lichen pink appears in the groin, as well as on the arms and legs. Plaques up to 20 mm in diameter. In the center, yellowish brown or pink. When the maternal (largest) stain disappears, cold symptoms are felt. Deprive on the hand, as in other places, is accompanied by itching.
The pityriasis disease is caused by the fungus Malassezia. The peak of the disease falls in the summertime. This cutaneous lichen is prone to recurrence. It is characterized by pigment spots of yellow, pink, brown, which merge over time. There is no inflammation, but there is a characteristic peeling. Localization - throughout the body, except for the limbs and head. A typical picture is lichen on the back. Requires treatment, otherwise it can go into the chronic stage of the course of the disease.
The red flat appearance is rare. Lichen is localized in the mouth, on mucous membranes, forearms, ankle and wrist joints. Can destroy nail plates. In women, if there is a fact of the disease in the oral cavity, there is a high probability of damage to the external genital area. Also, lichen appears on the chest. Itching can spread to the entire body. In men, the lichen on the penis is concentrated in the head area.
The white (sunny) type of the disease is among the least aggressive. The course of the disease can last for years. It is caused by a yeast fungus. It often affects people under the age of 30. Shows lichen symptoms in the head, chest. It has nothing to do with the sun, but it is clearly visible on tanned skin. Lichen on the hand can also manifest itself. Psoriasis or scaly form of the disease has a non-infectious nature of development. Refers to autoimmune pathologies. If left untreated, the risk of developing arthritis increases.
How can lichen in adults and children be cured
When skin lichen appears, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist for diagnosis. It is necessary to establish the correct diagnosis. Different types of lichen require adequate therapy.
In adults and children, lichen on the skin can be treated. In the early stages of the disease, some forms may be asymptomatic. If signs of shingles begin to appear in the form of spots of different sizes with the formation of scales or blisters, it is important to start therapy. It can be aimed at eliminating a fungal or viral infection.
Diagnostic measures and treatment
Given the fact that there are different types of lichen, diagnosis comes first. It includes:
- visual inspection;
- inspection with a Wood lamp;
- general urine and blood tests;
- examination of skin scraping;
- immunological examination.
After receiving the results with the determination of the type of pathogen, the treatment of lichen on the skin is prescribed in the prescribed manner. Depending on the diagnosis, antifungal drugs may be prescribed for both external use and oral administration. Therapy may be antipruritic.
Depriving a child of treatment requires under the supervision of a doctor. If the recommendations are followed, recovery occurs quickly enough. In the absence of therapy, lichen on the face or on other parts of the body, a bacterial infection can join the lichen. The spread of pathology to internal organs is possible.
In adults and children, shingles can be treated with drugs if properly prescribed by a doctor. Systemic therapy can last from 14 days to several months.
Self-medication: consequences and dangers
Deprive in humans is a common dermatological disease. Self-treatment is not recommended at home. Lichen on the leg or body can be contagious and can be transmitted by household contact to other family members. With self-medication, improper use of drugs is possible. For example, it is a common mistake to take antimicrobial drugs for the herpes zoster form of the disease. Deprive on the head, body, limbs, if improperly treated, can lead to a long course of infection and the development of complications.
H2 Medical assistance in the diagnosis and treatment of lichen in Moscow
Deprive on the skin is diagnosed by a dermatologist or dermatovenerologist. A correct diagnosis is half the battle.
You can make an appointment with the specialists of JSC "Medicine" (Academician Roitberg's clinic) on the website - an interactive form allows you to choose a doctor by specialization or search for an employee of any department by name and surname. Each doctor's schedule contains information about visiting days and available hours for patient visits.
The administrators of the clinic are ready to accept an application for an appointment or call a doctor at home by phone +7 (495) 995-00-33.
Convenient location on the territory of the central administrative district of Moscow (CAD) - 2nd Tverskoy-Yamskaya lane, 10 - allows you to quickly get to the clinic from the metro stations Mayakovskaya, Novoslobodskaya, Tverskaya, Chekhovskaya and Belorusskaya...
In difficult cases, lichen is treated in a hospital under the supervision of a doctor. In typical and uncomplicated forms, therapy is performed on an outpatient basis. Prescribed lichen medicine and taking it should be accompanied at home by hot steam or boiling of clothing and bedding.
Frequently asked questions about shingles
What does lichen look like in humans under ultraviolet light?
Ultraviolet is used for diagnostic purposes. Lichen is a colony of fungi. They exhibit a fluorescent effect when exposed to UV light. Lamps with a wavelength of 320-400 nanometers are used to examine patients. The glow color of lichen fungal colonies on the head or body can be different: yellow and orange (pityriasis), blue-green (ringworm).
Is shingles transmitted?
Yes, it is transmitted by contact and everyday life. For example, lichen from an animal often gets into the hands of children when stroking. Infection occurs. With a decrease in immunity, the disease develops. Lichen on the skin in adults and children has scales or vesicles that contribute to the transmission of a fungal or viral infection.
What is the danger of lichen?
Lichen on the human skin can develop asymptomatically in the initial stages. If medical recommendations are not followed, the disease becomes chronic with frequent relapses. Depriving a person requires timely and properly prescribed treatment.