Abdominal CT scan

Computed tomography (CT) of the abdominal cavity is a layer-by-layer diagnosis of the organs in order to determine their condition, location, structure and the presence of pathologies in them. If necessary, the study of blood vessels uses a contrast agent for a more effective assessment of changes.

With the help of computed tomography of the abdomen, specialists receive high-quality images of the abdominal organs:

  • pancreas;
  • stomach;
  • spleen;
  • liver;
  • gallbladder;
  • intestines;
  • vessels and lymphatic system.

CT scanning of the abdominal organs and retroperitoneal space allows you to determine and identify various pathologies of any density and consistency. Using this technique, specialists diagnose tumors, polyps, cysts, stones, changes in the composition of bile and many other diseases.

In special cases, for greater accuracy of the study, contrast enhancement is used, with the help of intravenous administration of special iodine-containing preparations. With the differentiation of the intestinal loops, the administration of a medicinal product inside is prescribed.

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Indications for mandatory CT scan of the abdominal organs

The specialist will refer the patient to an abdominal examination for:

  • suspicion of tumors, metastases, in order to assess their spread;
  • changes in the size of the liver;
  • suspected neoplasms;
  • preparation for surgical intervention in the retroperitoneal space;
  • monitoring the results of ongoing treatment or rehabilitation;
  • diagnostics of blood vessels and aorta;
  • abdominal trauma;
  • hernia;
  • acute conditions (for example, an attack of pancreatitis);
  • jaundice or sudden weight loss for unexplained reasons.

At your doctor's appointment, be sure to tell about the discomfort and the nature of the pain. This will help the specialist navigate and prescribe an effective treatment.

Contraindications to abdominal CT scan

It is undesirable to carry out the procedure during pregnancy or breastfeeding. Also, contraindications include:

  1. intolerance to contrast agents;
  2. allergic reactions;
  3. kidney disease;
  4. diabetes.

Also, the doctor will not be able to conduct an examination if the patient is overweight (over 200 kg). The device does not support this weight.

If you have at least one medical condition, tell a specialist before a CT scan.

Preparing for abdominal CT

Before computed tomography of the abdominal cavity, need to carry out a kind of preparation. You cannot take food 7-9 hours before the procedure. 2-3 days before, it is necessary to follow a diet in order to reduce gas formation. Trapped gases will impair visualization and reduce the clarity of CT images. To avoid this, you must exclude or minimize the use of the following foods:

  • bread, baked goods;
  • legumes;
  • cabbage;
  • alcoholic and carbonated drinks;
  • cellulose;
  • milk products.

If you have flatulence, take an absorbent medication during preparation.

To get an abdominal CT scan at Medicina Roytberg's Clinic JSC, make an appointment with a doctor by calling +7 (495) 775-73-60.


Врач Olga Berezhko
General practitioner
Experience 38 year
Board Certified General Practitioner (Highest Category), member of the Russian Scientific Medical Society of Internal Medicine
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