Examination of the gastrointestinal tract

More recently, the study of the gastrointestinal tract using ultrasound was difficult due to the low resolution of the equipment. Today ultrasound of the stomach and intestines is a fairly informative diagnostic method.

Gastrointestinal ultrasound examination includes:

  • Ultrasound of the esophagus;
  • Ultrasound of the stomach;
  • Ultrasound of the small intestine;
  • Colon ultrasound.

Indications for ultrasound of the gastrointestinal tract

Ultrasound of the gastrointestinal tract is performed for both prophylactic and therapeutic purposes. The most common diseases for which ultrasound diagnostics is indicated are:

  • gastritis;
  • gastroduodenal reflux;
  • the presence of calculi in the digestive tract;
  • inflammatory bowel processes;
  • gastroduodenitis.

What allows you to evaluate the ultrasound of the gastrointestinal tract?

Ultrasound diagnostics provides detailed information about the health of the esophagus, stomach and intestines. With its help it is possible to detect

  • inflammatory processes that involve the mucous walls of the digestive tract;
  • violations of the functional abilities of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • decreased bowel tone;
  • getting the contents of the duodenum into the stomach;
  • anomalies in the shape, location and development of the organs of the alimentary canal;
  • pathological narrowing of the intestinal and stomach lumen;
  • polyps;
  • tumors, external signs of their malignant transformation;
  • the slightest thickening of the walls of the alimentary canal, which is often observed during the onset of an oncological tumor;

Ultrasound diagnostics gives an idea of ​​the condition of the walls of the digestive tract organs and the location of neoplasms. This makes biopsy easier and allows for more targeted tissue sampling.

Preparation for an ultrasound of the gastrointestinal tract

High-quality ultrasound diagnostics is possible only after preliminary cleansing of the intestines and following a diet. Feces and gases accumulate in the intestinal loops. They can give the wrong picture of the research results, mislead the doctor conducting the procedure.

Preparation for an ultrasound of the gastrointestinal tract includes:

  • taking laxatives within 3-5 days before the planned day of diagnosis;
  • early use of enterosorbents;
  • adherence to a diet: all foods that can provoke bloating (cabbage, fresh fruits and vegetables, bread, legumes) are excluded from the diet.


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