Side effects of coronavirus vaccination: who gets them and how to deal with them?
The Gam-COVID-Vac vaccine (Sputnik V) was developed on the basis of a human adenovirus, which encodes a fragment of the SARS-CoV-2 S-protein and causes an immune response by inserting it into the genome.
According to the results of vaccine studies, the side effects of the coronavirus vaccine were identified - mild to moderate. They appeared in a small number of volunteers who participated in clinical trials.
Side effects of Sputnik V
Most of them occur 1-2 days after vaccination and persist for 3-4 days. Both post-vaccination reactions and complications were noted. The main side effects of the coronavirus vaccine are:
- chills, weakness, fever;
- headaches and asthenia;
- myalgia and arthralgia;
- swelling and pain in the injection area;
- flu-like syndrome.
This is a post-vaccination reaction - the response of the body's immune system to a foreign protein. They usually go away within a few days. Side effects of Sputnik V, which are less common, may be more prolonged. Among them:
loss of appetite and nausea;
significant increase in body temperature;
the occurrence of allergies;
an increase in the level of liver enzymes;
increased creatinine, transaminases and creatine phosphokinase.
Not everyone has the side effects of coronavirus vaccination. According to the results of clinical trials, influenza-like syndrome was noted in 5.7% of the patients, and edema in the injection zone was formed in only 1.5% of patients.
Why doesn't everyone have side effects?
Much depends on the age and individual characteristics of the human body, in particular on the state of its immune system. It is known that older people tolerate vaccination much easier than younger people. Even bad habits, stress and lack of sleep can affect the immune response, so you should follow the doctor's recommendations and seek qualified help if symptoms occur.
How to deal with side effects?
Symptomatic treatment is recommended. After 3-4 days, the side effects of Sputnik V will become less pronounced and gradually disappear. However, if complications arise, you must urgently consult a doctor.
It is recommended that you get a good night's sleep and protect yourself from stress prior to vaccination. It is important to be vaccinated by Sputnik V healthy and to exclude possible contraindications. Among the latter are pregnancy and lactation, acute diseases, allergies to the components of the drug. It is important to familiarize yourself with the full list of contraindications - if they are available, you should not get vaccinated.