In the clinic of OJSC "Medicine" in 2017, residents of Moscow with oncological diseases are provided with high-precision positron emission computed tomography (PET / CT) free of charge
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Myopia in preschool and school children
Myopia is one of the most common pathologies, which affects about 30% of all children in preschool and school age. Myopia in children is characterized by an abrupt development, most often its first signs appear at the age of 5-6 years, in the future the disease can progress, which significantly reduces the quality of life and causes some discomfort. Recently, more and more children have been suffering from myopia in schoolchildren, experts associate this sad trend with widespread digitalization and the massive spread of electronic devices.
How does myopia develop in children?
Most often, the first signs of myopia appear even before the child goes to school. Early diagnosis allows you to avoid the rapid development of the disease and slow down its progression. There are a number of symptoms that parents should look out for:
● the child begins to squint often when trying to examine small objects;
● tilting the head while sitting at the table;
● Decreased school performance if your child is sitting at the back of the classroom and has difficulty seeing the blackboard.
As a rule, the earlier the first signs of myopia appear, the faster the pathology progresses. The disease cannot be completely cured, but complex therapy can slow down and temporarily stop the development of myopia.
Methods for treating myopia in schoolchildren
Any disease is always easier to prevent than to cure. It is useful for parents to know a few rules that will help avoid the appearance of pathology:
1. Complete and balanced nutrition. A sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals will ensure the proper development of the visual system.
2. An active lifestyle. Experts have noticed that in children who do not play sports, myopia occurs several times more often than in children who regularly experience moderate physical activity.
3. Correct position at the table while reading and doing homework. Parents should monitor their child's posture and ensure that there is sufficient lighting to avoid undue stress on the eyes.
Treatment of myopia should be comprehensive and under the constant supervision of a specialist. Drug therapy includes taking vitamin supplements and eye drops, as an addition to it, the doctor may prescribe functional apparatus therapy. With strict adherence to the doctor's recommendations, the improvement will be noticeable in six months or a year.